Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a genetic kidney disease, and it is hard for patient to realize he has PKD when patient is in the early stage of PKD, because when the cysts are small, they will not cause any uncomfortable feeling to patient. Thereby, how can PKD be diagnosed?
In fact, there are some methods that can be used in diagnosing patient’s PKD.
Checking patient’s family history
PKD is a genetic kidney disease, and most patients get this disease from his parents. To know whether someone has PKD, it is necessary to check his family history firstly. And if there are members taking PKD in his family, it is necessary to calculate the ratio for him to get this disease.
Patient with PKD will have gene mutation, and that is why PKD can pass on from generation to generation. Thereby, to diagnose whether someone has PKD, gene test is also an effective method. And if someone has PKD, his gene test will present positive.
Image test is an effective way to make sure whether people have PKD, and patient’s kidney condition can be accurately reflected on image by using some image tests, like ultrasound wave test, CT scan, etc.
Patient with PKD can feel his enlarged kidney at one side or at both sides when the cysts grow to a certain size, and patient will feel painful if his PKD progresses into stage 3, which is a moderate stage.
Patient can take many assistant examinations to make sure whether he has PKD, like urine test, blood test, etc. In these tests, if people has PKD, some indexes will have abnormal value. And if people already have stage 3 PKD, these abnormal values will be more obvious.
These are some methods that are often used in diagnose PKD, while if you have any other trouble in dealing with this aspect, you can email us or just leave us a message about your problem, and we are glad to help you.