Why do some Nephrotic Syndrome patients complain of abdominal pain? Generally speaking, Nephrotic Syndrome doesn’t cause any pain directly. If you or your child experience abdominal pain or stomach pain suddenly, it may indicate some underlying disorders.
Learn more about Nephrotic Syndrome
Nephrotic Syndrome is one condition that kidney filters, also known as glomeruli, leak protein in urine. Therefore, patients, both children and adults, usually have four typical symptoms: proteinuria, swelling, hypoalbuminemia and hyperlipemia. If treated timely and effectively, Nephrotic Syndrome can get remission with steroids and immunosuppressants but may recur easily. In some other cases, Nephrotic Syndrome is more likely to worsen into kidney failure.
How does Nephrotic Syndrome cause abdominal pain?
As more and more protein leaks into urine, plasma osmotic pressure declines gradually. This makes fluid leaks out of blood vessels into tissues easily, thus causing swelling. Most often, swelling is painless and patients only find fluid retention in some loose tissues such as legs, feet and ankles. However, in severe cases, swelling feels painful when fluid accumulates in the chest or lungs. With ascites, patients will experience abdominal pain or distension.
Just like swelling, low immunity and infections are a result of immunologic protein leakage. Without enough protein supplement, heavy leakage of protein in urine may lead to malnutrition, low immunity and infections. In this case, abdominal pain occurs easily caused by spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. If left alone, peritonitis may even cause life-threatening complications. Therefore, if Nephrotic Syndrome patients have abdominal pain, patients require a careful evaluation for spontaneous bacterial peritonitis.
From the above analysis, we can know abdominal pain is one indicator for some medical cases and needs prompt managements. Besides, some treatments to repair damaged kidney filters and alleviate proteinuria are also needed. To learn more about treatment options in detail, you can leave a message below or send email to kidney experts here. Kidneyemail@example.com and firstname.lastname@example.org. Both are available.