Minimal change disease has the symptoms of easily remission but easily reappear, and the prognosis of MCD is good with less than 5% patients developing into end stage kidney failure. Therefore, if patients get MCD, they should have the confidence in defeating it. Having effective treatments timely will help them live a healthy life.
1. General treatment
Patients with a large amount of proteinuria should stay in bed, and keep proper activities in the room. All these will prevent the formation of deep vein thrombosis. For patients with swelling should limit the salt and sodium intake.
2. Diuretic treatment
For the patients who have a low response of the glucocorticoid treatment and the edema cannot disappear, they are recommended to take thiazide diuretics, and the common used medicine is hydrochlorothiazide. If the effect is not obvious, they are recommended to add the intake of potassium-sparing diuretics, such as spirolactone.
3. Anticoagulant therapy
The common complications of MCD are thrombus and embolism. When the plasma albumin is less than 20g/L, patients are recommended to have anticoagulant therapy. They should to take anti-freezing and anti-platelet aggregation drugs.
Using these treatments can help patients control the symptoms such as proteinuria, swelling and high blood pressure.
On the other hand, patients also should have a well-planed diet. A strict diet will help slow down the progression of MCD.
- Patients should limit the protein intake and take high-quality protein foods.
- Patients should also limit the fluid intake and keep a low-sodium intake.
All the treatments mentioned can control the symptoms and prevent the complications that patients may have with MCD. However, the basic cause of MCD is the damage of kidney tissues and the damaged glomeruli, so patients should have effective treatments from the root.
There is a Chinese treatment called Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy. It is an external treatment combined with traditional Chinese medicine and modern technics. This treatment can repair the kidney tissues and improve the glomerular filtration rate. Then it can also improve the blood circulation and clear up the wastes and toxins in the blood. Through this treatment, the minimal change disease can be treated with great effects.
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