High blood pressure is extremely common after kidney transplant. It increases the risk of cardiovascular disease which is a frequent cause of morbidity and the dominant cause of mortality after kidney transplant. Lowering blood pressure is helpful for prolonging transplant survival and minimize cardiovascular risk. And then how to lower increased blood pressure after kidney transplant?
-Before kidney transplant, there are a lot of restricted diet for kidney patients. After kidney transplant, several dietary restrictions might not apply after transplant surgery. Because of the new freedom to indulge in many different foods, and an increased feeling of hunger due to medicines such as prednisone, it is common for kidney transplant patients to have excessive weight gain. To lower blood pressure, they have to control their diet, such as a low sodium diet and a low-fat diet. They are important for maintaining a healthy weight and preventing heart disease.
-Regular exercise also helps lower blood pressure and maintain a healthy weight. They can do some aerobic exercise, such as walking, jogging, riding, yoga and so on. As to the type of exercise, intensity, frequency and duration, they can be decided by the patients’medical condition.
Calcium channel blockers are the most frequently prescribed antihypertensive class of medication to treat post-transplant high blood pressure. Diuretics are effective antihypertensive medications in immediate post-transplant period. It is not recommended to take ACE inhibits and ARBS in the early post-transplant period because of the risk of hyperkalemia and worsening allograft function especially. But after 3 weeks, patients with proteinuria can be start on ACEI and ARB with caution to monitor for hyperkalemia and worsening allograft function.
The above are all western medicine. Traditional Chinese Medicine which are all natural is beneficial as well, and you do not need to worry about its side effects. You can contact the online doctors to learn more.