Kidney shrinkage, or kidney atrophy, is one condition in which kidneys are smaller than the normal size. Generally, healthy adults’ kidneys are 10-12 cm in length, 5-6 cm in width and 3-4 cm in thickness. If kidneys are shrunk obviously, finding out its causes can guide us to accept correct treatment.
As we all know, kidney size has a close link with age, gender, height, weight, etc. Kidney shrinkage describes as kidneys shrink abnormally. In most cases, kidney shrinks along with changes of kidney function level, and kidney shrinkage reminds of kidney damage. The smaller kidneys, the more seriously nephrons and glomeruli are damaged.
Commonly, several conditions can cause kidney shrinkage.
1. Inborn disorder: When patients are diagnosed with renal shrinkage, they should firstly consider congenital renal dysplasia. This means their kidneys are smaller than the normal values when they were born.
2. End stage kidney disease: In clinic, most chronic kidney diseases eventually progress into kidney failure. At present, diabetes, high blood pressure, chronic glomerulonephritis, IgA Nephropathy, FSGS, etc, are common causes of ESRD. With ESRD, patients’ nephrons are damaged seriously and their kidneys shrink obviously.
3. Chronic pyelonephritis: Bilateral or unilateral kidney shrinkage is usually due to chronic pyelonephritis.
4. Some other conditions such as nephrotuberculosis and renal artery stenosis are also reasons for kidney shrinkage.
From this above content, you can know kidney shrinkage is one symptom of renal insufficiency. With the progress of patients’ illness condition, kidney shrinkage will become more and more serious. If left alone, it may eventually develop into kidney failure. In that moment, patients have to live with kidney transplant or dialysis treatment.
If you are tested out this kidney disorder, please contact your doctor or doctor online immediately. They can determine the cause and treatment for your illness condition after analyzing your condition.