Chronic renal insufficiency is a disease occurring in the late stages of various chronic kidney diseases. According to the degree of impairment of renal function, it can be divided into four stages: normal renal function stage, compensatory renal insufficiency stage, azotemia stage, uremia stage.
Various chronic kidney diseases can lead to renal insufficiency, especially chronic glomerulonephritis, chronic pyelonephritis and renal arteriosclerosis. In addition, renal tuberculosis, urinary calculi, systemic lupus erythematosus, diabetes, hyperuricemia, various drugs and heavy metals.
What are the symptoms of renal insufficiency?
Chronic renal insufficiency symptoms, early anorexia, abdominal discomfort, nausea, vomiting, followed by fatigue, dizziness, hypertension, anemia, skin pruritus, polyuria, oliguria, and other late sleepiness, irritable convulsions, convulsions, coma and other manifestations.
What are the Diet tips for renal insufficiency patients?
Low protein, high sugar food, choose high cost of biological benefits of protein, such as milk, eggs, lean meat, fish, chicken, etc. Foods with high sugar content: honey, glucose, sweet juice, etc.
Fresh vegetables and fruits. Add vitamins and folic acid.
Vegetable oil, but not limited to fat intake.
What diet should be avoided by renal insufficiency patients?
Swelling urine a small amount of avoid salt, avoid potassium, avoid eating salty food (salted fish, pickled vegetables, etc.), high potassium food (kelp, laver, etc.).
Mushrooms, potatoes, lotus seeds, melon seeds, lean beef and so on.
Avoid spicy spicy foods, such as pepper, pepper, coffee, wine, cocoa, etc.
Avoid cock, goose, pig head meat, sea fish and other hair products.
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