In the nephrology department of major hospitals, renal failure caused by improper drug use accounts for 10% - 20% of acute Renal Failure patients. Especially the use of cold medicines can cause renal failure.
The main causes of renal dysfunction in cold medicines are antipyretic and analgesic components, such as aspirin, analgesic tablets and paracetamol. Drugs containing toxic components that damage the kidney are not limited to cold medicines. In fact, both antibiotics has renal toxicity, such as gentamicin and kanamycin in antibiotics.
When used properly, the antipyretic and analgesic ingredients in cold medicines, generally do not produce significant side effects for a young person with well-functioning kidneys and normal health. But for the elderly or people with high blood pressure, diabetes, and is in a special state after surgery, childbirth, menstruation, fever and other people, these components may have a more obvious adverse impact on their kidneys. This is because most of the antipyretic and analgesic ingredients are excreted through the kidneys, and these people's kidney function has declined. Toxic ingredients can easily accumulate and concentrate in their kidneys, causing damage to their kidneys.
If these people do not seek medical treatment in time after a cold, and take a large number of cold drugs for a long time, it may lead to kidney function problems. Patients often manifest as lumbar acid, low back pain, oliguria or anuria, and in severe cases may even suffer from renal tubular necrosis or acute tubulointerstitial nephritis and other serious kidney disease, eventually leading to renal failure.
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