Hypertensive Nephropathy is the main disease that endangers the health of the elderly. Therefore, special attention should be paid to the prevention of hypertension in daily life. So, how can hypertensive nephropathy patients reduce blood pressure?
Kidney is not only involved in the pathogenesis of hypertension, but also the main organ involved in hypertension. Hypertension can cause glomerular hyperperfusion, intraglomerular hypertension, and high filtration, resulting in proteinuria; hypertension can also cause renal vascular lesions and lead to renal ischemia; on the contrary, long-term hypertension, if not well controlled, can lead to small arteriosclerosis in the kidney may lead to fibrosis of renal tissue. Renal failure. Therefore, stabilizing blood pressure is very important for protecting renal function. Then, hypertensive nephropathy patients should pay attention to what?
1. Hypertensive nephropathy patients diet.
Patients with hypertensive nephropathy should pay strict attention to diet, low salt (5 grams per day) and low animal fat. At the same time, high blood pressure not only affects kidney health, but also has great impact on the heart. Obese people in high blood pressure, because of excessive body fat, oppression of the myocardium, increase the burden of the heart. Therefore, obese hypertension, coronary heart disease patients, first of all to control diet, mainly vegetarian, to achieve weight control. Lose weight and blood pressure will decrease. Choose low calorie foods, eat low-fat foods, and try to eat vegetable oil. Animal fat, liver, brain, heart and kidney, butter, bone marrow, caviar, cream and other foods, high cholesterol, should eat less or not.
2. Exercise in patients with hypertensive nephropathy.
Hypertensive nephropathy patients need appropriate exercise, and can choose to exercise light, longer "endurance" exercise. Rule of life, ensure adequate sleep (7~8 hours), work and rest.
3. Hypertensive patients with kidney disease mentality.
Attention should be paid to controlling emotion in patients with hypertensive nephropathy.
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