Diabetic Nephropathy is a progressive kidney disease which is due to longstanding diabetes. Knowing the symptoms of Diabetic Nephropathy can help you keep the disease under your control.
There are no symptoms in the early stages of Diabetic Nephropathy. The only sign of kidney damage may be small amounts of protein leaking into the urine, which is also known as microalbuminuria.
With the development of illness, your kidneys can not work properly to remove toxins and fluid from your body. You may suffer from the following symptoms:
-Macroalbuminuria. When your kidneys are damaged to certain extent, the GFR will reduce, as a result, too much protein leak from the kidneys.
-Foamy urine, which is caused by proteinuria.
-Swelling, usually around the eyes in the morning; later throughout your body, which results from retention of water in the body.
-High blood pressure. The damaged kidneys can affect the secretion of prostaglandin, which has the function of controlling blood pressure. Besides, sodium retention can also cause high blood pressure.
-Itchy and dry skin as a result of excess phosphorus in the body.
-Anemia. Kidney can secrete erythropoietin, which can be used for hematopoiesis. When the kidneys are damaged, the secretion of erythropoietin will be affected, resulting in anemia.
There are also other symptoms, such as blood in the urine, nausea or vomiting, loss of appetite, headache, fatigue, shortness of breath, feeling cold etc.
The symptoms of Diabetic Nephropathy may vary from one patient to another. When some of these symptoms appear, attention should be paid, because you may not experience any symptoms until your kidney disease progresses to end stage of renal disease. However, it is not necessary to be so concerned about it, because Diabetic Nephropathy progresses slowly and not everyone processes to the last stage. If you take proper treatment to this disease, you can survive.