For Diabetic Nephropathy patients, kidneys have lost their normal function to remove the wastes and fluid out of your body. We should not only pay attention to the medications, but also the diet. A proper diet can produce few wastes so as to lessen the kidneys’ burden and slow down the progression to ESRD. Here are some suggestions about diet for Diabetic Nephropathy.
Restrict intake of sodium
Sodium increases blood pressure, which in turn causes damage in the kidneys. Besides, too much intake of sodium results in the retention of too much water, worsening edema. To lower the intake of sodium, patients should avoid processed and smoked meats,and canned foods.
Control intake of protein
Protein is important for building and repairing body tissue, but proteolysis will produce many wastes, which increases the workload on the kidneys. Therefore, we should choose the high quality protein which produce few wastes, such as fish and egg white.
Limit intake of potassium
Potassium helps counteract the effects of sodium on blood pressure. With the progression of Diabetic Nephropathy, excess potassium will build up in the blood. You will need to limit intake of high potassium foods, such as bananas, kiwi, potatoes etc.
Regulate intake of phosphorus
Phosphorus is a mineral important for healthy bones and keeping blood vessels and muscles working. Too much phosphorus makes bones more brittle and causes itchy skin and bone and joint pain. Food high in phosphorus include bran, oatmeal and colas etc. You should get rid of them.
Manage intake of sugar
Sugar provides energy for your body. But for Diabetic Nephropathy patients, their blood sugar level is high. Achieving blood sugar control is essential for slowing progression of kidney damage and other diabetes complications. You should try not to eat such food as candies, cola, chocolate etc.
Avoid intake of too much fluid
If kidneys are no longer functioning efficiently, fluids accumulate in the body, which increases the kidneys’s burden and worsens edema.
The above are the general principles about Diabetic Nephropathy diet. The exact dietary principles should be made according to your own condition. In order to live healthily, you had better consult a dietitian. Our doctors online are also glad to help you.