Kidney failure is also known as kidney insufficiency. Chronic kidney failure refers to that patients' kidneys losing their ability of filtering out wastes from their blood adequately, and this disease progresses gradually.
Chronic kidney failure is divided into five stages according to patients' glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and the GFR of stage 1 and 2 are respectively higher than 90ml/min and 60~89ml/min. In fact, our kidneys have strong compensation, and they can do a good job even when they are not functioning at 100%, and there will not be any problem caused by kidney insufficiency if only more half kidney function is normal.
Thereby, for patients with stage 1 and 2 chronic kidney failure, they will not have any obvious symptom caused by their disease, and they may find their disease by examining their primary disease, like hypertension or diabetes, which are the leading causes of kidney disease.
In fact, except for the way above, patients can also find their chronic kidney failure by other methods:
- Image tests like MRI, CT scan, ultrasound or contrast X-ray, etc, can indicate patients' kidney failure.
- Whether patients have a family history of some kidney diseases, like polycystic kidney disease.
- Some lab tests, like blood test, urine test, etc, can also find out whether people have kidney failure.
To slow down the progression of chronic kidney failure, it is necessary for patients to take measures in their life to improve their condition.
- Patients should take appropriate amount of protein in their diet. In fact, 0.8g/kg of protein per day is recommended, and it is important for patients to have high-quality protein.
- Choose a diet that is low in fat and cholesterol, which can help reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.
- Take abundant vegetables and fruits that contain abundant vitamins.
- Consume adequate calory.
- Avoid taking too much salt.
- Take appropriate amount of exercise regularly.
- Have good rest and avoid tiredness.
- Stop smoking and drinking alcohol.
- Keep good emotion.
- Patients should control their blood pressure at a healthy level.
- Have regular checkups to know their kidney condition well.
With right treatment and right life style, chronic kidney failure can be controlled or at least slowed down greatly. While patients should not take measures blindly, and it is important for patients to have changes by following their doctor's guidance.