Chronic kidney disease is a gradual loss of kidney function. Depending on glomerular filtration rate, CKD is divided into 5 stages. CKD stage 5 is the advanced stage with GRF less than 15ml/min. CKD stage 5 is also called end-stage renal failure. In stage 5, kidney lose most of its functions.
We all know kidneys are important for our health. They can filter wastes and excess fluid in blood and regulate the balance of the environment in the body. Then our body can work normally. If your kidneys are damaged, the wastes and excess fluid will accumulate in blood and it will make you sick. The other organs may also be damaged because of you impaired kidney. So patients with renal failure will have a series of complications.The complications may contain heart disease, bone disease, arthritis, nerve damage, anemia and malnutrition. These complications may cause many symptoms in CKD stage 5. The symptoms include:
Ø Loss of appetite
Ø Changes in urine color
Ø Fatigue and weakness
Ø Skin itching
Ø Reduced urine output
Ø Difficult concentrating
Ø Increased skin pigmentation
Ø Swelling of the ankles, legs and face
Ø Shortness of breath caused by fluid accumulation
Ø Tingling of the hands and feet
Ø Muscle cramps or twitches
If you don’t have treatments when you are in CKD stage 5, these symptoms will be more and more obvious and you will be sicker and sicker. So it’s better for you to have medical treatments and keep a renal failure diet. Kidneys are important for our health, we should do our best to protect them.
If you are suffering from end-stage renal failure, you need to see a nephrologist. Basing on your examinations, the doctor will provide treatment advice with target to reduce complications and make you much healthier. At the same time, you also need to follow your doctor’s advice planning for your diet. You’d better change your lifestyle and keep a healthy one. This will be good for your health and slow the progression of kidney failure.