The diet of CKD 5 patients is very important. In fact, uremia refers to the toxicity caused by the inability to produce urine through the kidney, and the excretion of waste and excessive water from the body. Modern medicine holds that uremia is a series of complex syndromes caused by the disorder of biochemical processes in the body after the loss of renal function.
What kinds of diet to help relieve nausea and vomiting in CKD 5?
1. The earliest and most prominent manifestation of uremic diet is in the digestive tract, manifested as anorexia, abdominal discomfort, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, glossitis, stomatitis, gastrointestinal bleeding and so on. Uremia itself is prone to abnormal diet, therefore, it is very important for uremia diet to be reasonable. The patients in azotemia and uremia should mainly eat a low-protein diet, and the protein should be mainly animal protein containing * essential amino acids, such as milk, eggs, fish, lean meat, etc. The daily intake of protein is 20 grams. This not only ensures the supply of essential amino acids, but also enables the body to use non-protein nitrogen to synthesize non-essential amino acids under the condition of low protein supply, so as to reduce azotemia.
2. Food should be easy to digest and contain sufficient vitamins, especially vitamins B, C and D. It is necessary to avoid the mechanical damage of rough food to the digestive tract and cause digestive tract hemorrhage. For patients with good appetite in azotemia stage, calories should not be less than 35 calories per kilogram of body weight, but in uremia stage, only the patient's appetite can be determined. If the patient's urine volume is not large, edema is not obvious, generally do not limit the amount of drinking water.
3. Uremic patients are prone to dehydration and hyponatremia, especially those with long-term anorexia, vomiting and diarrhea. Once it happens, it should be supplemented in time. However, we should pay attention to the poor tolerance of uremic patients to water and sodium, and supplement should not be excessive, so as to avoid causing hypernatremia or water intoxication.
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