The diet and treatment of Chronic Kidney Disease are the principles guiding the active rehabilitation of Uremic patients. Although the stage of uremia, patients often appear nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, abdominal distension and diarrhea and other symptoms, on the basis of effective treatment with diet, often can make uremic patients achieve twice the result with half the effort.
1. Low-protein diet should be the main diet for patients with azotemia and uremia, and protein should be mainly animal protein containing essential amino acids, such as milk, eggs, fish, lean meat and so on. The daily intake of protein was 20 grams. This not only ensures the supply of essential amino acids, but also enables the body to use non-protein nitrogen to synthesize non-essential amino acids in the case of low protein supply, thereby reducing azotemia.
2. Diet rich in vitamins should be easy to digest and contain adequate vitamins, especially vitamin B, C, D. To avoid the mechanical damage of rough food to the digestive tract, it can lead to gastrointestinal bleeding. Patients with a good appetite in azotemia should not have fewer than 35 calories per kilogram of body weight, but in uremia they should only depend on their appetite. If the patient has a large amount of urine, edema is not obvious, generally do not limit the amount of water.
3. Timely water and salt supplementation in uremic patients are prone to dehydration and hyponatremia, especially in patients with chronic anorexia, vomiting and diarrhea is particularly so. Once it happens, replenish it in time. However, attention should be paid to the poor tolerance of uremic patients to water and sodium, supplementation can not be excessive, in order to avoid causing hypernatremia or water intoxication.
4. Pay attention to calcium, potassium uremia patients generally low blood potassium, the use of diuretics after the very easy occurrence of hypokalemia, then eat more fresh fruit and potassium chloride. Uremia patients often have low calcium, can eat some high calcium food, such as fish, shrimp, meat and bone soup.
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