Diet plays a very important role in uremic patients. Dietary supplements can help the body recover. What are the principles of diet for uremic patients?
Dietary principles of uremia
1. Replenish water and salt in time.
Uremic patients are prone to dehydration and hyponatremia, especially in patients with chronic anorexia, vomiting and diarrhea. Once it happens, replenish it in time. However, attention should be paid to the poor tolerance of uremic patients to water and sodium, supplementation can not be excessive, in order to avoid causing hypernatremia or water intoxication.
2. Pay attention to calcium supplement and potassium supplement.
The blood potassium of uremic patient is on the low side generally, after using diuretic, very easy to occur hypokalemia, at this time eat more fresh fruit and potassium chloride. Uremia patients often have low calcium, can eat some high calcium food, such as fish, shrimp, meat and bone soup.
3. Low protein diet
In the period of azotemia and uremia patients should mainly be low-protein diet, and protein to contain human essential amino acids in animal protein-based, such as milk, eggs, fish, lean meat and so on. The daily intake of protein was 20 grams. This not only ensures the supply of essential amino acids, but also enables the body to use non-protein nitrogen to synthesize non-essential amino acids in the case of low protein supply, thereby reducing azotemia.
4. Diet is rich in vitamin foods.
It is easy to digest and contain enough vitamins, especially vitamin B, C and D. To avoid the mechanical damage of rough food to the digestive tract, it can lead to gastrointestinal bleeding. Patients with a good appetite in azotemia should not have fewer than 35 calories per kilogram of body weight, but in uremia they should only depend on their appetite. If the patient has a large amount of urine, edema is not obvious, generally do not limit the amount of water.
If you want to know more information, please leave a message below or send the medical reports to us. We will try our best to help you.
WhatsApp/Viber: +86 13503211882