Although patients with stage 4 kidney disease can still live with their own kidneys, they are likely to have a series of symptoms and discomforts. In this case, knowing what food not to eat for stage 4 kidney disease patients can help manage their symptoms and kidney condition.
The following are some restricted dietary tips for stage 4 kidney disease patients. (If you want to get a personalized diet plan, you can contact us by emailing to firstname.lastname@example.org)
1. Salty food
Low-salt diet is usually the basic requirement for kidney disease patients, because salt is one important source of sodium which can increase blood pressure and worsen swelling. For kidney disease patients, a low-sodium diet should ranges from 1,000 to 4,000 mg per day. Therefore, patients had better avoid bacon, canned food, processed food, salty condiments, etc.
2. Food with low-quality protein
In stage 4 kidney disease, kidneys are only functioning at 15%-29%. Low-quality protein can produce more metabolic wastes, so as to increase the burden on kidneys. On the contrary, high-quality protein can not only supplement enough energy for kidney patients but also reduce the workload on kidneys. From this point, people with stage 4 kidney disease should limit the intake of low-quality protein such as beans, peas and lentils.
3. Red meat
Red meat contains rich saturated fatty acid that may cause high blood fat, high cholesterol levels or blood clots easily. All of these problems are dangerous for kidney disease patients. For this reason, kidney patients should take in more unsaturated fatty acid such as flaxseed oil and fish oil.
4. Animal giblets
Animal giblets is a main source of phosphorus and purine. In the body, purine will break down into uric acid. When kidneys can’t work efficiently, they are unable to remove out extra phosphorus and uric acid, resulting in many symptoms such as skin itching and gout. To prevent them, kidney patients should stay away from animal giblets.
There are many foods should be restricted according to patients’ illness condition. If eating any food blindly, it may aggravate patients’ health condition.