CKD which is short for chronic kidney disease, is a worldwide worried problem. CKD develops progressively, and once you get this disease, it’s difficult to be cured completely. So the screening and preventing are important in the early stage of CKD. Tests of chronic kidney disease mainly include:
Urine test and urinalysis
The tests measure wastes and protein in your urine. In normal condition, there is no or little protein in your urine. A 24-hour urine test can measure the severity of your kidney damage and the level of your kidney function.
The test measures creatinine and BUN in your blood. Creatinine level can estimate the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and measure the stage of your kidney disease. BUN shows the amount of nitrogen in your blood. If the BUN level increases, kidney function may have been damaged severely.
Parathyroid hormone test
Parathyroid hormone can help control the calcium and phosphorus levels. If the Phosphorus level is higher than normal level, it will increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
Kidney imaging tests
Kidney imaging tests can measure the size and structure of your kidneys. It shows the abnormality of your kidneys. The common kidney imaging tests are ultrasound, CT scan, X-rays and MRI scan.
Collecting a small piece of kidney tissues from your kidney and observed under the microscope, it will show you the conditions of your kidneys. This test can tell you probable causes, severity and possible treatment of your CKD.
All these tests can help you diagnose your kidney disease. Enjoying good health can make us happier and more satisfied with life. We should defeat CKD beginning with preventing it.