Chronic nephritis is a common kidney disease which is about the damage of glomeruli. As we know, the kidneys are made of a large amount of nephrons, and every nephron contains a glomerulus. The glomeruli have the function of filtering blood and excreting the toxins and wastes in blood, meanwhile, it also can discharge the excess fluid. If the glomeruli are damaged, kidney cannot work well as normal. Chronic nephritis is a progressive kidney disease. If patients don’t have effective treatment timely, they will finally develop into kidney failure. In order to prevent the disease, some people may have the question: what factors can cause chronic nephritis?
Chronic nephritis is a glomerular disease which may be caused by many factors, and it is not an independent disease. It is often caused by immune factors, and many diseases produce immune complexes settling down in the kidneys which will lead to chronic nephritis. Here are some common factors that can cause chronic nephritis.
1. Acute nephritis
There are about 15%-20% chronic nephritis which are caused by acute nephritis. If patients with acute nephritis cannot control their illness and their conditions for over one year, their illness will develop into chronic nephritis.
2. Streptococcal infection
Strep infections like throat infection and skin infection may cause chronic nephritis, and the upper respiratory tract infections also can cause kidney disease easily.
3. Other kidney disease
Patients with IgA nephropathy or lupus are possible to catch chronic nephritis, because these two diseases are autoimmune diseases, and their impaired immune system is more easy to get chronic nephritis.
4. Genetic factors
If the patients’ family have the history of nephritis, they have higher risk to suffer from chronic nephritis.
5. Goodpasture’s syndrome
This is also an autoimmune disease which may cause kidney damage, so it is also a dangerous factor which may lead to chronic nephritis.
As we know, medicines often have side effects on human beings. Therefore, some medicines may cause chronic nephritis, such as penicillamine and aspirin. If people take these medicines for a long time, they may have the possibility to get chronic nephritis.
From the above, we can know that chronic nephritis can be caused by many factors. If you are suffering from above-mentioned diseases, you need to pay more attention to the condition. It’s better for you to have regular examinations for your kidneys.